A small protected fortress and an insidious enemy that seeks to capture it. This is not a description of a military battle, but a lucid and understandable comparison that Igor Pelogievsky uses to show in which cases the fungus wins, and when it should not be feared.
The client accuses that during the procedure she was infected with a fungus. And now she is trying to determine when the infection occurred, to find the place where she was infected.
The client came in a week after the procedure. The master writes: she had signs of onychomycosis of the big toes, signs of fungal infection of the nails, parts of black nails were torn off on both big toes, a porous structure was observed under them and increased sweating of the skin of the foot.
It is clear that this is not an isolated case. To another student, a month after the procedure, an angry client rushed in with a shout: "You infected me with a fungus!"
Mushrooms appeared on the planet long before the appearance of man.
They are incredibly volatile. If you look at the textbook used by today's teachers of microbiology and mycology, it is easy to understand how much the picture has changed even in the last 50 years.
Mushrooms can live a long time even in unfavorable conditions, remaining for months and years.
Many people think that an infection is a germ. In fact, infection is the process of penetration of a pathogenic pathogen (microbe) into another, more highly organized animal or plant organism and their subsequent struggle. That organism resists the action of the microbe. It's like an attempt at military capture of a peaceful old city.
From the number of those who penetrated (from the dose). The more germs there are, the more likely they are to cause disease.
The degree of their fighting ability (pathogenicity). By the way, it can change, like the morale of the army.
The “entrance gate” is important: the intact stratum corneum of the epidermis is an insurmountable barrier for fungi. Smooth, intact skin can be watered with a solution of mushrooms - nothing will happen.
He has "walls" - that is, immunity.
And also - the civilian population who lived in the city before the war. They are not professional soldiers, but they took pitchforks, axes, and stood on the walls to defend themselves from invaders. Their strength lies in the fact that there are many of them.
There are in our "city" -organism and professional "military" - cells designed to protect us from attack (lymphocytes).
For many clients and, unfortunately, even for some masters, there is an equal sign between the concepts of infection and disease. And between them there must be an inequality sign. Infection is contact with fungi. And the disease after this contact may not occur. In 99% of cases, contact with fungi does not lead to disease.
Not some people get sick after all. Why? This is determined by the state of the body and the influence of the external environment - that is, factors favorable for fungi and unfavorable for the body are added:
Hereditary predisposition; Decreased local immunity; Increased skin moisture or dry skin; Microtrauma; Tight shoes; Taking antibiotics; Etc. Those who are afraid of the disease should not be afraid of the beach, sauna, pool and other people's slippers, but of these listed factors.
The first way - the most obvious - is from sick people.
Second, outwardly healthy people are carriers. They have no external signs of the disease, healthy skin, smooth nails. But if they were tested, they would have a fungus. The host's organism cannot defeat the fungus, and the fungus cannot overcome the host's defenses. But together they can transmit the fungus to the people around them.
The third way is domestic animals, including outwardly healthy ones: cats. Dogs. Hamsters, parrots. In general, everything except fish.
The fourth is the bark and leaves of plants.
Fifth - parts of the house and furnishings - doors, window sills, armchairs, dishes, floors, and so on.
Last on the list is air. It also contains fungal spores.
What is the conclusion? A person is in constant daily contact with mushrooms from the moment of birth. And as a rule, such contact does not lead to illness.
Experts assure that it is possible to combine treatment with an aesthetic component. But a pedicure should only be done in a medical facility. You can't hold it at home Even if we leave out of brackets the fact that you infect all manicure tools with a fungus, out of inexperience you can only harm the already sore nail plate.
This is a healing procedure that, in addition, restores a beautiful and well-groomed appearance to the feet. With a medical pedicure, the doctor carefully removes the upper layers of the plate. This eliminates the visible symptoms of the disease (yellow and white stripes and spots). The nail thickened as a result of the disease takes on its original appearance. In addition, bacteria parasitizing on the plate become defenseless. Healing ointments will then work more effectively.
It has long been known that it is easier to prevent a disease than to cure it. And in order not to need a special pedicure for nail fungus, it is better to protect yourself from mycosis in advance. How? Doctors believe that the infection with the fungus comes from within the body. Of course, these microbes are also transmitted externally - through shared towels, slippers, and manicure tools. But fungal bacteria are everywhere, and we get them even from food - especially sugar, cheese, grains, nuts. But one person gets mycosis, and the second remains healthy. Why? It's all about the immune system. Sometimes taking antibiotics will kill the healthy gut flora. Without bacteriophages, the fungus spreads throughout the body, and that, in turn, removes the infection to the periphery - that is, into the cornea. Thus, the fungus on the nails is a signal that not everything is in order with our inner health.
If you or someone in the family is afflicted with this ailment, all household members need to be very careful. At the first symptoms of the disease (peeling and delamination of the plate, the appearance of yellow stripes), you should contact a medical institution and do a pedicure for nail fungus. The patient should have individual manicure supplies, pumice stone and a foot towel. Shared slippers in the family can be carriers of the disease.
It should be understood that a pedicure for nail fungus is not a panacea, but only part of a comprehensive treatment. The procedure is intended only to remove the top layer of the plate. But fungal bacteria also live in the inner layers of the nail. Therefore, treatment with ointments should be continued, and pills should be taken as prescribed by a podologist or dermatologist. As we said, the fungus is extremely tenacious and insidious. If you quit treatment with the disappearance of visible signs of the disease, he will definitely return. You need to wait until the nail grows back completely.
At least 5-7 days should pass from infection to the first signs of the disease. If the client says: "Yesterday I had a pedicure, and today my fingers were combing" - infection during the procedure was impossible.
Let me remind you that in itself the introduction of fungi into the skin does not cause disease. Therefore, the incubation period can last from one week to infinity. The disease can occur a month or even six months after infection (contact with fungi). Or it may not appear at all!
Even having confirmed the disease in a laboratory, it is impossible to determine when the infection occurred - two weeks ago, a month ago or six months ago.