Nail fungus is one of the most common forms of mycotic damage to the body. The disease is quite unpleasant and it can be difficult to recover from it. The disease cannot be started, because it is not a cosmetic problem, but a serious pathology. But not everyone knows which approach is right. It should be noted right away that self-medication is not the best choice in this situation. But information about what the disease is and how to quickly get rid of nail fungus will not be superfluous for anyone.
Nail fungus, or as it is called in medicine, onychomycosis, is a disease that causes damage to the nail plates and adjacent areas by parasitic fungal microorganisms. This is one of the subspecies of mycoses. If we consider all the diseases that the feet can only be susceptible to, onychomycosis is the most common.
- epidermophytic; - dermatophytic; - microsporia.
You can catch the infection in public places where the air humidity is excessive. This includes baths, steam rooms, swimming pools, beaches.
Wooden objects (benches, sun beds, etc.) are widely used here. Due to the porosity of the wood, the fungus is difficult to destroy there.
In addition, doctors identify several risk groups. For people belonging to one of them, the likelihood of infection increases dramatically. It: - elderly people; - cancer patients exposed to chemotherapy; - after a course of treatment with antibiotics or steroids; - HIV-infected; - patients with diabetes.
It is not always possible to get rid of the disease quickly. The speed of cure depends on the type of parasite that caused it, the stage of development of the disease, the area of the lesion, the presence of complications and concomitant ailments, the general condition of the body.
Damage to the nails with a parasitic fungus cannot go unnoticed. Symptomatic changes in the nail plates are expressed quite clearly and boil down to the following.
The color changes. It can be yellowish, brownish, whitish, bluish, greenish, grayish. Roughness of the surface appears. Stripes, spots and bumps are clearly visible. Layering is observed. Peeling occurs from the nail bed. Different areas are painted and crumbled. The surrounding tissue may turn red, swell, and itch. Painful sensations arise. The feet give off an unpleasant odor.
Despite all this, self-diagnosis can be difficult. At the beginning of development, the signs of onychomycosis are similar to the symptoms of some other lesions: - injury to the nail area; - age-related changes; - onycholysis; - psoriasis of nails; - paronychia; - pseudomonas onychia.
How to quickly get rid of toenail fungus with folk remedies and medicines You should be realistic and understand that fungal infection of the nail and non-nail areas is not healed in a week. According to doctors, the healing period can last from 6-8 weeks to six months, and sometimes 8-12 months.
It depends on many factors, as well as on the growth activity of the nails. On the hands, this process proceeds much faster than on the legs, therefore, the cure here comes earlier.
The best and fastest positive results can be obtained by adhering to the recommendations below.
Use various therapeutic measures in combination. Do not rely on the effectiveness of any one miracle remedy. Combine pharmacological preparations and traditional medicine recipes competently.
Treatment should be active, but gentle - aggressive agents, often used for therapeutic purposes, should not affect healthy areas of the body located in the immediate vicinity of the affected.
Strictly adhere to hygiene requirements so that the fungus does not creep, as well as to avoid re-infection soon after cure. And the likelihood of this is very high.
Watch for dryness in the affected limbs. Remember that moisture and warmth are ideal conditions for active growth of the fungus.
Eliminate all the causes that caused the onychomycosis and eliminate them.
Every day, carefully, but as much as possible, cut off the growing nail edge affected by the disease. If possible, go through the procedure of laser exposure, which very effectively inhibits the pathological activity of pathogens.
Agents acting against pathogens are usually subdivided into three subgroups, depending on the active components. Each of them has in its arsenal both external ointment agents and tablets of general action for the whole body.
It should be borne in mind that the latter have an extensive list of side effects. Therefore, you should not prescribe drugs yourself. To minimize the risks, it is necessary to undergo an examination, to identify which types of fungus caused the disease, and to act with medications "targeted".
Azole remedies. They are based on triazole or imidazole, as well as their derivatives. Depending on the concentration, they exhibit fungistatic or fungicidal effects. They are effective in the fight against mold and yeast-like fungi. Examples: clotrimazole, miconazole, bifonazole, etc.
Allylamine drugs. The active ingredients can be terbinafine, naftifine, butenafine. They are able to stop the growth of fungus, and also have an anti-inflammatory effect. Examples: lamisil, terbinafine, naftifine, etc.
Other drugs. They act on the basis of flucytosine, morpholine, griseofulvin, chloronitrophenol additives. They are distinguished by a narrower activity aimed at certain types of fungal pathogens.
At the beginning of the development of onychomycotic lesions, one should resort only to the help of ointments. Only if they turn out to be ineffective, is the intake of tableted antimycotics introduced.
The difference between creams and ointments: - have a direct effect on the lesions; - relatively harmless; - have fewer contraindications; - side reactions are limited.
If you find an ailment at the beginning of development, then you will be able to cope with it within a month.
Zinc ointment. Allows you to relieve inflammation, dry affected areas, get rid of itching, get an absorbent effect.
Candide (clotrimazole). Broad action agent. The duration of use is from 2 weeks to six months. It also has an antiseptic effect. May cause dry skin, burning sensation, allergic skin manifestations. Contraindicated for pregnant women and nursing mothers, as well as young children under the age of three.
Exoderil (naftifine). Fights inflammation, has antimicrobial effect. The product is prone to accumulation in the treated surfaces. Use the ointment no more than twice a day. The product is not used during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
To provide a systemic effect on the entire body, the doctor prescribes oral pills. A wide range of drugs are prescribed.
Diflucan (fluconazole, medoflucon). It is enough to take it only once a day. The product is well tolerated. In rare cases, intestinal disorders and rashes on the body may occur. The course of treatment can be 1-4 weeks.
Irunin (Orungal, Sporanox). Can be used for pulse therapy. The drug is not prescribed for renal failure, pregnancy, hypersensitivity to the action of the drug. May cause allergic reactions, dizziness, hypokalemia, abdominal pain.
Terbizil. Able to accumulate in the skin and its horny formations (hair, nails). The course of treatment is at least 6 weeks. Take 1 tablet per day. The medicine is not given to young children, pregnant and lactating women. It can provoke migraines, muscle and joint pains, allergies, anorexia.
Take all medications for toenail or toenail fungus only after consulting your doctor.
First of all, you should strictly adhere to all medical recommendations, do not skip taking medications and bring the treatment to the end, and not interrupt the course after the elimination of especially annoying symptoms.
In addition, you need: - use local baths regularly; - apply a specialized varnish that blocks the spread of the fungus, and also has a healing effect; - daily remove the protruding parts of the growing nail, which is affected by the disease; - use special means to soften the nail plate in order to remove it; - steam hands or feet before using topical external agents; - to carry out measures to prevent infection of households.
Varnishes have a number of advantages. The active components penetrate well deep into the affected nails, but at the same time they freeze and do not leave marks on clothes, sheets, shoes.
The hardened layer reliably blocks the oxygen supply to pathogens, which blocks their activity. But lacquer remedies are effective only at the initial stage of onychomycosis.
Before using varnishes, you should resort to using a warm local bath. Damp plates affected by the fungus are cut to the maximum, processed with a file or other grinding device. Wipe the surface dry
It is recommended to cover healthy nails with varnish. The procedure is repeated every evening for a long period - from several months to six months.
You can use - demiktenom; - lotseril; - batrafen; - onihelp; - exorolfinlac; - oflomil.
Part or all of the plate can be removed. But this is not a guarantee of complete recovery from the disease. The likelihood of further spread of the fungal infection is very high.
After surgery, the finger heals for a long time. In addition, suppuration may develop. The newly growing nail may be deformed. Laser therapy is a preferred alternative to this method.
After the surgical removal of the damaged nail formation, special emphasis is placed on the drug treatment of the fungus. In some, especially severe cases, the growth zone can be removed, after which the finger will remain "naked" - the nail cannot grow back here.
Alternative methods are slower than medical ones, but have fewer side effects. They can only be effective for treating an early stage in the development of the disease.
Later, folk recipes are used exclusively in combination with pharmacological preparations as auxiliary measures.
For the treatment of nail fungus, such agents are used.
Garlic. Garlic gruel is applied in the form of applications on sore nails. A fixation bandage is placed on top. The procedure is repeated every night. You can also use squeezed garlic juice in an equal mixture with alcohol. The nails are treated with the resulting balm twice a day.
Vinegar. Acetic acid acidifies the environment, which deactivates pathogens. Damaged nails are lubricated with this tool every day. You can use vinegar compresses. To do this, lumps of cotton wool are moistened in vinegar and fixed on the right fingers in the affected area. Compresses withstand all night, removing in the morning.
Peroxide. Like vinegar and other similar products, it is applied directly to nails or cotton swabs. Peroxide acts as an antiseptic.
An alcoholic solution of iodine. They can cover nail plates, including healthy ones, 1-2 times a day. In addition, an iodine supplement is suitable for any bath. To do this, it is enough to add just a few drops of the product.
Propolis tincture. Can be used for lotions, as well as in local hand or foot baths. Compresses are left on the nails overnight. You can prepare an ointment, which is a mixture of propolis and butter. The composition is applied to gauze and placed in the desired area. The tool is left for 10 hours.
Hot vegetable products. For the treatment of onychomycosis, onion or horseradish is suitable. They have antimicrobial activity. Herbal products are used in the form of gruel. You can also make a kind of ointment by mixing liquid pomace with butter or melted chicken fat.
Essential extracts. These funds have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, regenerative effects. For the preparation of local baths or as part of mixtures for compresses, you can use oils: - cedar; - tea tree; - rosemary; - lavender; - fir and some others.
The essential extract is mixed with petroleum jelly in a 1: 1 ratio. It should be rubbed into damaged nail plates. As always in such cases, the remedy will have a stronger effect if the nails are previously steamed.
The risk of re-infection with the fungus after getting rid of the disease is very high. Therefore, you need to clearly follow simple rules: - follow the hygiene of the feet; - get rid of shoes, towels and socks that were used during treatment; - exclude the sharing of similar things with other family members; - avoid excessive moisturizing of the feet, use talcum powder; - treat the inner surfaces of shoes with antiseptics.
Do not forget, take all medications for nail fungus after consulting your doctor.